Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 7 septembre 2016

Le Secrétariat Exécutif du Forum National sur la Gouvernance de l’Internet a organisé la réunion inaugurale pour la présentation des acteurs membres du Groupe Consultatif Multiacteur, en sigle MAG.

Cette cérémonie s’est déroulée sous le patronage du Vice Premier Ministre des Postes, Télécommunications et NTIC le mardi 30 Août 2016 à l’Hôtel des Postes sis sur le Boulervard du 30 juin selon le programme joint à la présente invitation.

Cette séance avait pour but de sensibiliser et de mobiliser les acteurs identfiés de la République Démocratique du Congo sur la nécessité et l’importance de la plate forme nationale sur la gouvernance de l’Internet. Comme objectif principal, il s’agissait de mettre en place le Groupe Consultatif Multiacteur connu sous l’acronyme anglophone Multistakeholder Advisory Group, en sigle le MAG.
Sur 53 invités comme membres du MAG, cette séance a connu la participation de 43 personnes dont 23 membres du MAG qui ont répondu à cette invitation.

La cérémonie, présidée par le Directeur Général de la Société Congolaise des Postes et Télécommunications (SCPT), commencée à 10.20, a été clôturée par le Directeur de Cabinet du Vice Premier Ministre à 12.25.

les points forts de la journée ont été axés sur :

* La definition de la gouvernance de l’internet
* L’approche multiacteur
* Les critères de selection des membres du MAG
*  Les principes du fonctionnement du MAG
*  Les mandats du MAG
* La viabilite financière du MAG



La  1ère réunion du MAG se tiendra dans une semaine.



Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 3 décembre 2015





Since soon two years, the debate over net neutrality has emerged and continues to occupy the front of the sessions in the different platforms at national level, for some countries, regional and international meetings (IGF, conferences, symposiums etc .. .).
As a corollary to this debate, another aspect of the problem it is hung, including the zero rate.

To help us understand this issue, we will briefly husked these two concepts and finally make an assessment.


Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers (ISPs) should treat all online content, sites, and platforms equally. For example, they should not intentionally block or slow certain web sites or services.

Net neutrality allows freedom of expression and equal opportunities by giving people the opportunity to seek, to receive, to exchange information and to interact as equals. For that neutrality to be real, it is necessary that the Internet remain an open platform where ISPs treat content, applications and services equally, without discrimination. It is important for net neutrality that everyone can innovate without obtaining permission to do so.

A definition of network neutrality stipulates that it provides for all applications and all services be treated equally and without discrimination, especially in the more populated regions of the world, which will connect the next three billion Internet users.

The issue of specialized services

The European Union calls for an “open” Internet, and its draft regulation provides that specialty services, such as the establishment of different levels of priority given by their clients, be offered to end users, as well as companies willing to pay more to receive a priority service.

However, this project allows that services related to priority levels may not be available if the daily limit bandwidth or Internet surfing speed has been reached.

Specific cases will be given priority in traffic online: preventing terrorist attacks, sensitive data relating to health, remote surgery or driverless cars.

Some suggestions were to assess various data and information on the practices and effects of networking and existing policies on net neutrality; to work on the basic principles – namely, the significant transparency of data management practices by suppliers, no blocking and no unreasonable discrimination traffic information; to further examine upstream impacts of new aspects such as zero rated or specialized services on the economy, user experience, and human rights.

Net neutrality is the principle that all online traffic should be treated equally. Would we have this neutrality in zero rating, with some free Internet access services, especially from certain mobile operators?


Zero rating is a business practice of some ISPs, particularly some mobile operators, which means not measuring the amount of data of certain applications or services in the calculation of the use of their customers. In other words, these websites or services are provided free to clients.
The European Parliament intends to allow national regulators, who will be responsible for overseeing the implementation of the draft regulation, to decide whether zero rating can be applied in their country or not.

However develops another option: was launched on August 20, 2013 by the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg. In a ten-page press release, he explained how this project addresses a major challenge for humanity by stating in particular that « Connectivity is a human right. »

Zero rating by ISPs provides customers a clear set services or applications for free, without a data plan or without considering some services or applications in the calculation of the data used.

This practice is discriminatory, and that is why it has been banned or restricted in some countries like Canada, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and Chile.
This practice is currently the basis of the model. Facebook has established partnerships with ISPs around the world to offer free access to certain Internet applications to users. These agreements and partnerships undermine freedom of expression and equal opportunities, giving ISPs the power to favor certain Internet services compared others, to hinder the free flow of information, and to restrict the rights of people when dealing with networks.

It should be stressed that the position of « » also raises the following concerns:

• sells the idea that their zero rated Internet account offers full Internet access, when in reality, users receive only very limited Internet access.

• presents additional risks for freedom of expression. The ability to censor Internet gateways is well established. Some governments require ISPs to block access to certain sites
or services. Zero rating seems to open Facebook to allowing governments to put pressure on it to block some content or similarly, when users need to connect to access a site, to block access to certain users. In countries which practice this kind of restrictions, Facebook would play the role of arbiter in decisions about surveillance and censorship against politically active users.

• Our concern is also about the consequences may cause to the protection of privacy. Facebook’s policy in this respect does not give sufficient protection for new users of the Internet, who may not have a clear idea of ​​the use that may be given to their data, or who are not able to adequately provide their consent to certain practices. In the absence of statements affirming otherwise, we can assume collects data on users through its applications and services. The use that and its partners in telecommunications will make of this data is not clearly explained. It would be much easier for governments and actors to monitor users on the Internet.

• The current modalities of implementation of threaten the safety of users. The version of May 4 prohibits the use of the protocol TLS, secure exchange of SSL or HTTPS encryption services by participants. This increases the risk to users by making them more vulnerable to malicious attacks and government surveillance.

If net neutrality is the principle that all online traffic should be treated in the same way, would we be able to maintain net neutrality if we have zero rating, where there are some free Internet access services, especially from certain mobile operators?

Panoramic presentation of is a global partnership among several companies, including: Facebook, Samsung, Ericsson, MediaTek, Nokia, and Qualcomm Opera Software. The purpose of this partnership is to promote Internet access for all, especially for victims of the digital divide in developing countries.
This strategy in parallel, allows an increase in the number of Facebook users:

-Ghana, Kenya and Zambia through the operator Airtel
-Colombia, Tanzania, Guatemala and the Democratic of Republic of Congo with Tigo
-India with Reliance Communications
-Philippines with Smart Communications

Ambition began a partnership with Reliance Communications, an Indian operator, on 10 February 2015. This partnership allows provision of Internet access to those who do not have the financial resources, in six Indian states.

Connecting the world is a challenge that a company or organization cannot meet alone. Various technologies exist in the field of communication, and they are not applicable in the same way depending on the geographic location involved.

The project aims to develop different platforms for different population groups: in the most densely populated areas (typically areas of high urban density), a mesh network is a solution to multiply Internet access points for a large number of people gathered, at a reasonable cost; in medium population density areas, Internet access could be provided by the connected UAV, powered by solar energy. In the less densely populated areas, satellite connections may be considered, but for now they remain expensive.

To overcome these limitations, an Innovation Lab was designed under the leadership of a collaboration between Ericsson and Facebook. This laboratory, located at the headquarters of Facebook, allows developers to build applications that can work across the world, by testing under different network conditions.

Mobile Application
This application facilitates access to the Internet by providing free basic services. These services provide information in the areas of health, employment and other local information. Some features of the application: AccuWeather, Airtel, Facebook, Google Search, Go Zambia Jobs, eZeLibrary, MaMa (Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action Alliance), Messenger, Wikipedia.

The application is operational today in Ghana, Kenya, Zambia, India, the Philippines, Colombia, Tanzania and DR Congo. Since 26 March 2015, the application is used in Guatemala.

What about the situation in Africa?
Some experts say that net neutrality is not a problem in Africa despite the fact that for the first time local telecom players offering « free » access to the web services. Services offered free access to certain web page in hearing of paid access to the other.

In Africa, it is still difficult to understand that free does not exist. The word « free » is a marketing tool like any other network used to develop usage patterns that are then billed « hard » in the near future.
With well-studied plan mercantile Facebook and others offer internet access services « free » at all … This is the case of Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rwanda and Kenya.

For Facebook is expanding its Facebook Zero program, through which the company deals with telcos from emerging markets to offer the social network for free. Twitter and Google do the same thing, Wikipedia, and even if it is purely altruistic in.
By providing free access to some popular site (Google, Facebook …) has customers through telecommunications companies, Internet service provider show while he was in control of the sites and access So could have all the time to charge their users access a competing web services, websites deem it appropriate or inappropriate for their business, stifle access to competing advertising, « block » access to content criticize about them … etc.

These dress initiatives « Free » and « charities » informative in Africa in complicity with telecommunication groups might be trying to install the web control of bases on the continent.

The African Television Internet
If the issue related to the ‘net neutrality’ is not discussed, the 240 million African users may be surprised by channeling their access to information, which can even lead to unbearable costs for schools and African universities have to « pay » for their student’s access to information freely available on the web.

There as a desire to « make money » by operating a force passage on an African land or oppositions are easy to corrupt and users not well informed of the issues of internet access « fee ». This forced passage is often decked out as « free » and « magnanimous » insolent.

What experts say
For many experts, is the problem serious enough to impede the free access to web services in Africa?
For certain, the problem arises only if the cost has access remains high and that with regard to access to optical fiber (high speed internet) and access to Wireless Spectrum.

The Association of Internet Service Providers (ISPA) in South Africa estimates that net neutrality is not a « problem » for their country; when the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) said that South Africa must avoid legislating on the issue of net neutrality.

For ISPA / South Africa, this is a problem unique to the US, because the « cable operators » who converted their cables with broadband links dominate the market for access to the Internet as a whole and have a monopoly at best duopoly. This debate is useless in Africa faces from fair competition that must be resolved.

ISPA believes that more effort should be made to prevent Internet service providers to prioritize their own network over other operators.

According to David Meyer, a journalist for the site Gigaom, based in Europe, net neutrality is a complex African problem. The principle of « net neutrality » is composed of serious advantages, but also long-term risks that should not be minimized.

David Meyer, in an article highlighting the « advantages » and « disadvantages » of the initiative « » offered by Facebook App Zambia highlights:
1.The advantages: He explains that these initiatives can help to provide internet access to those who had none; give the opportunity to the Internet and Internet provider to present these opportunities; sell web services and applications
2.The drawbacks: Users must pay fees to get out of the free access service, which does not encourage competition because no one wants to have to « pay » for this removed a service to discover competitive offerings. The powerful telecommunications monopolies can be strengthened and potentially slow down innovation.
If your web experience is slandered by a monolithic gate, this can undermine privacy because any « navigation » is channeled through a door that profiling can provide your personal information to advertisers but also to all of espionage or other services and this is a dangerous drawback.
This disadvantage can be risky for freedom of expression in countries where state censorship would be happy at the thought of all internet traffic and pass a single portal.

Chili and Europe do not want
Chile has banned these practices, and the new net neutrality law passed soon in Europe will do the same. This tells us that we must remain vigilant because the issue of net neutrality is not only a problem for emerging markets
Despite the positive aspects of free web initiative, net neutrality in Africa is a problem that needs to be analyzed, the deeper reasons of group investments like Facebook, Google and other should be studied and « stripped » of their disguise and charitable allowed to bring their service if and only if the intellectual development of Africa also benefits.

Free access to selected web services on the continent is here to stay, but our « knowledge industry » must be protected from infantilization in exchange for economic income that do us « buy » and « import » « knowledge »

What challenges for the growth of the digital economy in Africa?

The exponential development of new technologies in Africa has led to the emergence of a strong digital economy, supported by a multitude of startups and web companies. The industry media and entertainment sector is probably the fastest growth, and underpin this development in Africa must create local content; it is more necessary than ever with the transition to Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT).

The revolutionary principle of freedom of the internet just allows any user to become an actor of creation / distribution of content and enrich the web. Prioritization of Internet traffic based on trade agreements would be simply to exclude the visibility of Africa, most content providers do not measure up to American and European giants of the Web we know today.
Apart from South Africa, Africa has until now virtually given no opinion in this battle on net neutrality; African telecom operators probably consider it a « rich problem » …

Indeed the problem raised by this subject is that of the quality of the Internet and therefore presupposes access to the Internet; gold in the light of the situation right now in most African countries (especially those of francophone Africa), it is obvious that the debate would quickly refocused: The Internet today can be akin to a royal banquet hosted by the United States as guest of honor with Europe, while Africa is investing huge sums in submarine cables to be able see the progress of the party since the trees that surround the palace .

Suffice to say that for Africans the Internet has never really been neutral, and this is not likely to happen as the democratization of the fiber optic will not be effective. While it is true that over the last ten years the number of submarine cable carrying Internet to Africa has increased significantly, they are in most African countries controlled by an incumbent that charges a heavy price to ISPs for access to these international hoses.

Obviously these ISPs are in turn pay a high price to end consumers with Internet access rates as high as each other, so it is in this that lies the main concern now regarding Africa Internet.
Clearly, before you can participate in a debate such as that of net neutrality, Africa has other challenges it will face first, for example increasing the number of Internet Exchange Points across the continent, promote national and regional peering, developing infrastructure networks, establishing clear rules on the status of ISPs and content providers, liberalize the market for the provision of Internet access, etc …

Africa is today the least connected continent Internet users with a rate estimated at 9.8% according to the latest statistics (June 2014) of the internet world stats. In the race to reduce this digital divide, we are seeing more and more trade agreements between local operators and web American giants to provide free internet services to some African, hence their qualification Zero -rated services.

A strict application of net neutrality would mean the complete disappearance of this kind of services, designed for people with very low incomes and unable to enjoy the global Internet. It is also necessary that the real reasons behind these initiatives are really those advanced by their promoters: if one assumes that innovation often arises from a lack or need, nationals of emerging countries most likely to be tomorrow’s major players of innovation; but if for them the access to information has resulted in a sponsored Internet where they see only what the promoter wants to show them behind, preventing them from thinking freely and depriving them of any spirit of creativity, we easily arrive at the conclusion that the next Facebook or Google will definitely not African! But of course it is no where assumptions that could cause a whole different debate …

Africa would she have to gain or lose if the Internet were to be regulated?

It would be difficult to stand on one side or the other of the fence, so to answer this question. The advantages to keep a neutral Internet are certainly more to show, but do not forget that in Africa almost all telecom operators are also content providers, and thus are often tempted to favor their own content to the detriment of their competitors; strict enforcement of net neutrality would therefore be utopian in this context.
Furthermore, given the stage where Africa is currently at level infrastructure, technology and legislation, telecom operators gain can be shaped to multiply the internet offers, or offers tailored Internet (Streaming, instant messaging, peer-traffic to-peer, etc ..) to improve the quality of service, although ironically this type of offers is a breach of the fundamental principle of net neutrality.

Net neutrality involves a debate on the treatment of preferred online content (zero rating), a practice used by some Internet companies to promote content, applications or services by not charging consumers for their use.

The notion of network neutrality takes into consideration the extent to which Internet traffic management practices (TMP) may be admissible, without being considered as discriminatory or putting in jeopardy end-users’ full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Network neutrality is grounded on openness, universal access and transparency, and stems from the end-to-end argument whereby the Internet is a general-purpose network whose intelligence resides at the edges. According to such reasoning, “certain required end-to-end functions can only be performed correctly by the end-systems themselves” and the best way to cope with failures of transmission is to “give responsibility for the integrity of communication to the end systems”.

Accordingly, end-users should not be victims of opaque TMP, but rather enjoy an open and neutral network which allows them to control the applications they use; to benefit from the maximum access to online content, application and services; and to easily circulate their innovations.
The majority of network operators frequently put in place TMP consisting of blocking, filtering and throttling specific data flows, in order to prioritise or impede access to certain applications, services or content.

The widespread adoption of such TMP leads to the conclusion that the mere self-regulation may be insufficient to maintain the open and neutral character of the Internet.

Although no evidence of market failure has been associated with non-neutral TMP, it is right and proper to query to what extent such management techniques may interfere with the end-users’ freedom of expression and communication. Indeed, non-neutral traffic management may lead to the establishment of so-called “walled gardens”, thus fostering network balkanisation and limiting end-users’ possibility to circulate innovations, as well as their fundamental right to freely impart and receive information and ideas through the Internet.

Furthermore, concerns have been growing around network operators’ utilisation of intrusive techniques, such as Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), in order to identify the content and applications which they intend to block and prioritise. Indeed, the exploitation of these techniques hold promise to provoke nefarious consequences on end-users’ privacy.

Recurring issues include the fear that the zero rating could restrict competition or market access for new operators. Others argue that zero rating can generate investments in networks, as well as economic and social benefits.

With zero rating, companies providing Internet access, particularly mobile operators, may enable consumers to access certain parts of Internet content, services or applications without charging them for that specific data use.

Zero rating can be applied by not charging for data traffic arising from specific applications or by offering situations where users can access the service, even if they do not have a data plan.




Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 12 septembre 2015

Du 06 au 08 septembre 2015, Addis Abéba, capitale de l’Ethiopie et siège de l’UNION AFRICAINE , a abrité la 4e édition du forumAfrique sur la gouvernance de l’Internet. Cette édition 2015 a connue la participation de 115 acteurs multipartites de venant des différents pays d’afrique et du monde.

Le rapport provisoire ci-dessous en donne la quintessence.

06 -08SEPTEMBER 2015


Le forum sur la gouvernance de l’internet en Afrique est le forum multipartite de l’Afrique des acteurs d’Internet. Avec d’autres AF *  (AfriNIC, AfTLD, AFNOG, Afren, sommet Afrique Internet, Afrique du CERT et du Sommet Afrique Internet), AfIGF porte les voix et les efforts du continent africain à l’ordre du jour mondial, tout en assurant que les avantages d’un société de l’information viable échoit à chaque Africain. Il a été officiellement lancé à Nairobi, au cours de la gouvernance de l’Internet mondial Forumi en 2011.
Le Secrétariat de l’AfIGF est hébergé conjointement par la  Commission de l’Union Africaine et de la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA) à Addis Abéba, Ethiopie.
Le site Web du Forum est Il dirige actuellement la sortie de médias sociaux sur Twitter et Facebook.


AfIGF vise à être une plate-forme pour une approche multilatérale, multipartite, inclusive et de discussion multilingue sur les questions pertinentes à l’Internet dans les questions africaines de gouvernance en général et Internet en particulier.

Les  objectifs spécifiques comprennent:

· accroître la sensibilisation et le renforcement des capacités sur la gouvernance de l’Internet pour les utilisateurs africains, à veiller à ce que toutes les parties prenantes soient bien préparés pour la contribution et de l’interaction.
· veiller à ce que les préoccupations de l’Afrique soient prises en compte dans le processus de l’IGF.
· Mettre en place un processus africaine coordonnée pour traiter les questions de gouvernance de l’Internet sur le continent.
· renforcer le modèle de dialogue multipartite sur la gouvernance de l’Internet en Afrique à travers des forums régionaux et nationaux.
· assurer une représentation multi-parties prenantes de toutes les régions du continent
·veiller à ce que tous les pays fassent partie des processus régionaux et lancent / renforcent le processus national.
· faciliter les échanges et les interactions nationales et régionales entre pays et régions dans le continent.
· faciliter la participation des parties prenantes africaines dans AfIGF et autres forums de gouvernance de l’Internet régionales et nationales appropriées.
· promouvoir l’utilisation des langues africaines dans le cyberespace.


115 participants issus du gouvernement, du secteur privé, des universités, des instituts de recherche, communauté technique, les organisations de la société civile, les médias et les autres parties prenantes de plus de 41 pays ont participé à la 4e édition du forum Afrique sur la gouvernance de l’internet qui s’est déroulée du 06 au 08 Septembre 2015 à Addis-Abeba, Ethiopie co-organisée par la Commission de l’Union africaine et la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique (CEA).
L’AfIGF 2015 a été officiellement ouvert par l’honorable  Prof. HlengiweMkhize, la vice-ministre du ministère des Télécommunications et des services postaux de la République d’Afrique du Sud précédée par les mots de bienvenue du Dr Jimmy Ocitti Directeur, Information publique  de la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour la gestion des connaissances pour l’Afrique (CEA)

Participation à distance

AFIGF 2,015 couru deux canaux à distance simultanées de participation:
1. plateforme Livestream, avec le soutien du Bureau africain Internet Society
2. plateforme Twitter avec le soutien de bénévoles AFIGF.
3. Trois pôles distants, à l’Université de Jos, la Gambie et l’Ouganda ISOC sponsorisés par l’Agence du NEPAD.
Il y avait 30 participants distants.


Le quatrième édition Afrique IGF était organisé  par la Commission de l’Union africaine et la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique avec les soutiens de :
· AfriNIC
· L’Agence du NEPAD
· Registre ZACentral
· Association for Progressive Communications
· Internet Society – ISOC
· Fédération internationale des associations de bibliothécaires – IFLA
· Google
· Open Society Initiative pour l’Afrique australe


Cinq ateliers de pré-conférence ont été organisés

1. SMSI + 10: APC en collaboration avec le Ministère des TIC de l’Egypte, l’ASC et KICTANet
2. Accès à l’information et de la connaissance – La Bibliothèque Virtuelle Africaine et Réseau d’information (AVLIN): CEA
3. L’Internet et les droits de l’homme: l’accès à l’Internet en Afrique comme un droit humain fondamental
4. Les besoins de  renforcement des capacités  pour la gouvernance de l’Internet et Internet dialogues sur les politiques publiques – Agence du NEPAD
5. Etude Internet de l’UNESCO – Pertinence de droits de l’homme en ligne

Il est également intéressant de noter que l’École africaine sur la gouvernance de l’Internet a été organisée avant l’IGF Afrique. Il y avait un programme Genre et gouvernance de l’Internet Exchange qui était parallèle à l’école.


Le Forum a reçu des rapports et des évaluations liées aux processus en cours de la gouvernance de l’Internet à partir de
· L’IGF Afrique centrale
· Est AfricanIGF
· IGF Afrique de l’Ouest
· Afrique australe IGF


Le AfIGF a reçu des présentations d’experts sur:

· L’avenir de l’IGF et de la Déclaration de l’Union africaine sur les IG
· Raccorder le prochain milliard (s)
· Aborder les questions de cybersécurité, y compris SPAM
· L’accès du public à l’information et des connaissances dans le contexte de l’ODD
· Droits de l’homme sur l’Internet
· SMSI + 10
· Transition Stewardship IANA
· Neutralité du Net et ses implications
· Améliorer la coopération multipartite
· Développement durable et de l’économie Internet
· L’IGF africaine: La voie à suivre


Ce suivi après les présentations ont permis aux participants d’arriver à un certain nombre de recommandations clés.


Connecter les prochains milliards

1. Connecter ceux qui ne sont pas encore connectée nécessite la coopération entre toutes les parties prenantes, à la fois au niveau national et au niveau des institutions régionales telles que l’UA.
2. Il faut des politiques et des plans mis en œuvre existantes, en intégrant des pratiques et des méthodologies qui ont été couronnées de succès dans le passé.
3. La continuité est essentielle, et ne doit pas être interrompu quand il y a un changement de gouvernement.
4. Les données relatives à l’accès et à l’utilisation de l’Internet devraient être recueillies au niveau des pays afin de permettre aux décideurs et les exécutants à prendre des décisions éclairées.
5. La fracture numérique de genre doit être prise au sérieux par les gouvernements et les autres parties prenantes et les efforts pour réduire l’inclure dans les politiques et les actions visant à élargir l’accès.
6. Sous la direction de l’Union et les communautés économiques régionales africaines, élaborer une définition de normes minimales pour (haut débit) à Internet, y compris les questions d’abordabilité et de travailler vers un modèle commercial pour l’Internet qui est approprié pour l’Afrique

Aborder les questions de cybersécurité, y compris SPAM

1. Les gouvernements, le secteur privé et les organisations non gouvernementales doivent travailler ensemble pour sensibiliser le public sur les risques de spam et de la cybercriminalité et de ce qui peut être fait pour lutter contre ce phénomène.
2. Améliorer le renforcement des capacités dans la cyber-sécurité, des responsables de l’application de la loi, des procureurs, des magistrats et des juges.
3. Encourager les gouvernements africains à ratifier la Convention de l’Union africaine sur la cybersécurité et la protection des données à caractère personnel et de transposer leurs lois en matière de cybersécurité dans le cadre de la Convention de manière à faciliter la coopération internationale dans la prévention et la lutte contre ces activités illicites;
4. Encourager tous les gouvernements africains à mettre à jour leurs lois pénales dès que possible, afin de répondre à la nature particulière de la cybercriminalité .. Pour déterminer la force de nouveaux États de la législation devraient être encouragés à être inspiré par les dispositions de la Convention de l’Union africaine sur Cyber ​​sécurité et la protection des données personnelles.
5. Construire la coopération internationale en matière de cybersécurité pour améliorer la protection du public et de promouvoir le partage d’informations plus efficace pour aborder les questions des cybercrimes  (adoption effective de la réglementation, le développement de la technologie anti-spam, et l’éducation des utilisateurs et prestataires de services).
6. Reconnaître et élaborer des réponses qui autonomisent les femmes, en collaboration avec toutes les autres parties prenantes, pour aborder la question émergente de la violence contre les femmes en ligne.

Accès public à l’information et des connaissances dans le contexte de l’ODD

1. les forums nationaux, régionaux et continentaux de la gouvernance de l’Internet devrait inclure les  bibliothécaires comme des intervenants clés dans le processus.
2. Les GOUVERNEMENTS devraient collaborer avec les régulateurs, les opérateurs de réseau (fixe et mobile) et d’autres parties prenantes pour s’assurer que les communautés rurales sont connectés et pour faire baisser le coût d’accès  partout.
3. Il devrait y avoir des investissements importants dans les bibliothèques publiques, de les doter d’outils de TIC pertinents pour veiller à ce qu’ils jouent un rôle clé dans la promotion de l’accès du public à l’information. Soutenir le développement des bibliothèques en tant que moteurs de l’accès aux connaissances.
4. Promouvoir la création de contenu local en ligne, la traduction dans les langues locales, et, afin de promouvoir l’accès pour tous et, ce faisant, prendre en compte les niveaux de l’analphabétisme en Afrique, l’utilisation des TIC pour traduire le contenu dans des formats orales.
5. Faire pression pour la mise en œuvre des lois d’accès à l’information et de développer et mettre en œuvre des politiques nationales de données ouvertes.
6. Il devrait y avoir intégration de l’Internet dans les TIC, formation des compétences dans diverses institutions.
7. Le gouvernement devrait nommer des personnes techniquement compétents que les ministres ou sous-ministres de la technologie de communication.
8. Il devrait y avoir renforcement des capacités sur les droits liés à l’accès à l’information pour les citoyens afin qu’ils peuvent également plaider en leur faveur.
9. Inclure des compétences en TIC dans le cursus scolaire à un stade très précoce et de fournir l’éducation des citoyens sur l’alphabétisation des TIC, en particulier dans les zones rurales.
10. Organiser des centres de TIC pour la formation et la prestation de services dans les zones rurales.
11. Soutenir les efforts pour promouvoir une culture de la lecture en Afrique.
12. Former des journalistes afin d’améliorer l’information sur l’accès à l’information.
13. Développer la capacité des bibliothécaires pour être en mesure de réagir et de bénéficier de nouvelles tendances en matière de technologie.
14. Suivre les progrès dans l’accès à l’information.
15. comprendre et  formuler clairement la position sur les écarts entre les sexes dans l’accès à l’information et entreprendre des actions spécifiques pour y remédier.

Droits de l’homme sur l’Internet

1. Tous les pays doivent faire face à l’accès à l’information en tant que droit de l’homme, en termes de Déclaration des Nations Unies Universelle des Droits Humains (UNUDHR) à l’article 19 et la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples à l’article 9.
2. Reconnaître que l’accès significatif aux TIC, y compris le contrôle sur les TIC comme une ressource clé, jouant un rôle important dans l’agent du changement à faire progresser la situation des femmes et filles, et de leurs droits humains.

SMSI + 10

Les participants ont élaboré une réponse africaine au SMSI + 10 non-papier du 2 Septembre et qui sera transmis  aux facilitateurs.


L’Union africaine, en collaboration avec la CEA et d’autres partenaires devrait convoquer un Forum africain sur la neutralité du Net
1. Recherche et analyse devraient être entreprises au niveau national et régional sur la politique, les implications juridiques et réglementaires de la neutralité du Net
2. Les organismes de réglementation devraient prendre des mesures pour répondre aux préoccupations soulevées au sujet de Fournisseurs de services Internet (FSI) qui se livrent à des pratiques telles que Network Address Translation (NAT) qui limitent le type et le niveau de service que les utilisateurs finaux ne profitent pas.
3. La société civile en collaboration avec d’autres parties prenantes devrait entreprendre des initiatives de sensibilisation des consommateurs sur l’accès à Internet et l’utilisation.


1. Construire la confiance mutuelle et la volonté de s’engager entre les différents intervenants.


1. Investir dans la recherche et le développement pour trouver des solutions et des services novateurs qui stimuleront le continent africain .
2. Accroître la sensibilisation sur les déchets électroniques et les capacités sur les stratégies visant à encourager l’utilisation des ressources renouvelables dans les TIC.


1. École africaine sur la gouvernance de l’Internet (AfriSIG)

À partir de 2016, AfriSIG devrait être inclus dans chaque édition du forum africain sur la gouvernance de l’Internet.


Les participants à la quatrième Afrique IGF expriment leur gratitude au gouvernement et au peuple de l’Ethiopie, la Commission l’Union Africaine et de la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique, nos sponsors et les bénévoles qui, chacune, dans leurs divers rôles, ont contribué au succès du Forum Afrique sur la gouvernance de l’internet

Addis-Abeba, le mardi, 8ème Septembre 2015.

Le Forum Afrique sur la gouvernance de l’Internet

L’équipe des Rapporteurs

Towela Nyirenda Jere
Emilar Vushe
Amessinou Kossi
Antonin Benoit Diouf
Mamadou Ndiaye
Mohamed Timoulali
Barrack Otieno – Coordinateur



Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 12 septembre 2015

From 6 to 8 September 2015, Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital and headquarters of the African Union, hosted the 4th edition of forumAfrique on Internet governance. This 2015 edition has the participation of 115 known multi actors from the different countries of Africa and the world.

The draft report below gives the quintessence.

Background of AfIGF

The Africa Internet Governance Forum is Africa’s multistakeholder forum of Internet actors. With other Af* (AFRINIC, AFTLD, AFNOG, AFREN, Africa Internet Summit, Africa CERT and Africa Internet Summit), AfIGF carries the voices and efforts of the African continent to the global agenda, while ensuring that the benefits of a viable information society accrue to every African. It was formally launched in Nairobi, during the global Internet Governance Forum in2011.

The Secretariat of the AfIGF is jointly hosted by theAfrica Union Commission and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) in AddisAbaba, Ethiopia.

The Forum’s web site is It currently runs social media outlet on Twitter and Facebook.

Objectives of AFIGF 2015

AfIGF aims to be a platform for an inclusive multilateral,multi-stakeholder and multilingual discussion on issues pertinent to the Internet in Africain general and Internet Governance issues in particular.

Specific objectives include:

· To increase awareness and build capacity on Internet Governance for African users to ensure that all stakeholders are well prepared for contribution and interaction.

· To ensure that the concerns of Africa are take into account in the IGF process.

· To put in place a coordinated African process for dealing with Internet governance issues on the continent.

· To strengthen the multi-stakeholder dialogue model for Internet Governance in Africa through regional and national forums.

· To ensure a multi-stakeholder representation of all parts of the continent

· To ensure that all the countries are part of the regional processes and launch/strengthen thei rnational processes.

· To facilitate national and regional exchanges and interactions between countries and regions in continent.

· To facilitate the participation of African stakeholders in AfIGF and other appropriate regional and national Internet Governance Forums.

· To promote use of African languages in the cyberspace.


115 participants drawn from the government, private sector, academia, research institutions, technical community , civil society organizations, media, and other stakeholders from over 41 countries attended the 4rd African Internet Governance Forum (AfIGF) held between6th and 8thSeptember 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia co-organized by the Africa Union Commission and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).

The AfIGF 2015 was officially opened by Hon. Prof. HlengiweMkhize, the Deputy Minister Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services in the Republic of South Africa preceded by awelcome statement by Dr. Jimmy Ocitti Director, Public Information and Knowledge Management United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

Remote Participation

AFIGF 2015 ran two concurrent remote participation channels:

1. Livestream platform, with the support of Internet Society African Bureau

2. Twitter platform with support from AFIGF volunteers.

3. Three remote hubs, at the University of Jos, The Gambia and ISOC Uganda Sponsored by the NEPAD Agency.

There were 30 remote participants.


The fourth Africa IGFwasorganized by the Africa Union Commission and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa with supportfrom:

· AfriNIC

· The Nepad Agency

· ZACentral Registry

· Association forProgressiveCommunications

· Internet Society – ISOC


· International Federation of Library Associations – IFLA

· Google

· Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa

Pre-Conference Workshops

Five pre-conference workshops were organized

1. WSIS + 10: APC in cooperation with the Ministry of ICT of Egypt, AUC and KICTANET

2. Access to Information and Knowledge – The African Virtual Library & Information Network (AVLIN): ECA

3. The Internet and Human Rights: Access to the Internet in Africa as a fundamental human right

4. Capacity building needs for IG and Internet public policy dialogues – NEPAD Agency

5. UNESCO’s Internet Study – Relevance to Human Rights online

It is also worth noting that the African School on Internet Governance was organized prior to the Africa IGF. There was a Gender and Internet Governance Exchange programme which ran parallel to the school)

Global Processes, Regional and National IGFs

The Forum received reports and feedback related to on-going Internet Governance processes from

· The Central African IGF

· East AfricanIGF

· West African IGF

· Southern Africa IGF

Summary of Sessions

The AfIGF received expert presentations on:

· The Future of the IGF and the African Union Declaration on IG

· Connecting the next billion(s)

· Addressing cyber security issues, including SPAM

· Public Access to Information & Knowledge in the context of the SDGs

· Human Rights on the Internet

· WSIS+10 Review

· IANA Stewardship Transition

· Net Neutrality and its implications

· Enhancing Multi-stakeholder Cooperation

· Sustainable Development and the Internet Economy

· The African IGF: The Way forward


That followed after the presentations allowed participants to arrive at a number of key recommendations.



Connecting the next billion

1. Connecting those who are not yet connected requires cooperation among all stakeholders, both at the national level, and at the level of regional institutions such as the AU.

2. It requires existing policies and plans being implemented, integrating practices and methodologies which have been successful in the past.

3. Continuity is essential, and should not be interrupted when there is a change in government.

4. Data on access and on the use of the internet should be gathered at country level to enable policy-makers and implementers to make informed decisions.

5. The gender digital divide should be taken seriously by governments and other stakeholders and efforts to bridge it included in policies and actions to extend access.

6. Under guidance of the African Union and Regional Economic Communities, develop a definition of minimum standards for (broadband) Internet access, including issues of affordability and working towards a commercial model for the Internet that is suitable for Africa

Addressing cyber security issues, including SPAM

1. Governments, the private sector and non-governmental organizations should work together to raise public awareness about the risks of spam and of cybercrime and of what can be done to combat it.

2. Enhance capacity building in cyber security of , law enforcement personnel, prosecutors, magistrates and judges.

3. Encourage African government to ratify the African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection and to transpose their cyber security laws in the framework of the Convention in such a way as to facilitate international cooperation in preventing and combating these illicit activities;

4. Encourage all African government to update their criminal laws as soon as possible, in order to address the particular nature of cybercrime.. In determining the strength of new legislation States should be encouraged to be inspired by the provisions of the African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection.

5. Build international cooperation in cyber security to enhance public protection and to promote more effective information sharing to address cyber crimes issues (effective regulation adoption, anti-spam technology development, and education of service users and providers).

6. Recognise and develop responses that empower women, working with all other stakeholders, to address the emerging issue of online violence against women.

Public Access to Information & Knowledge in the context of the SDGs

1. National, regional and continental Internet Governance Forums should include Librarians as key stakeholders in the process.

2. overnments should work together with regulators, network operators (fixed and mobile) and other stakeholders to ensure rural communities are connected and to bring down the cost of access for everywhere.

3. There should be significant investment in public libraries to equip them with relevant ICT tools to ensure that they play a key role in promoting public access to information. Support the development of libraries as drivers of access to knowledge.

4. Promote the creation of local content online, translation into local languages, and, in order to promote inclusive access and in doing so, take into account levels of illiteracy in Africa, using ICTs to translate contents into oral formats.

5. Lobby for the implementation of access to information laws and develop and implement national open data policies.

6. There should be inclusion of the internet in ICT skills training in various institutions.

7. Government should appoint technically competent persons as Ministers or Deputy Ministers of Communication Technology.

8. There should be capacity building on rights related to access to information for citizens so that they can also advocate for them.

9. Include ICT skills in the school curriculum at a very early stage and provide citizen education on ICT literacy, especially in rural areas.

10. Organize ICT centres for training and delivering services in rural areas.

11. Support efforts to promote a reading culture in Africa.

12. Train journalists in order to improve reporting on access to information.

13. Develop capacity of librarians to be able to respond to and benefit from new trends in technology.

14. Monitor progress in access to information.

15. Understand and articulate clear stance on the gender gaps in access to information and undertake specific actions to address it.

Human Rights on the Internet

1. All countries should deal with access to information as a human right, in terms of: UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNUDHR) Article 19 and the Charter of African and Peoples Rights Article 9.

2. Recognise that meaningful access to ICTs including control over ICTs as a key resource, play and important part in catalysing change towards advancing the status of women and girs, and their human rights.

WSIS+10 Review

Participants developed an African response to the WSIS+10 non-paper of 2 September and which will be forwarded these to the do facilitators.

Net Neutrality and its implications

The African Union in collaboration with UNECA and other partners should convene an African Forum on Net Neutrality

1. Research and analysis should be undertaken at national and regional level on the policy, legal and regulatory implications of Net Neutrality

2. Regulatory agencies should take steps to address concerns raised about Internet Service Providers (ISPs) who engage in practices such as Network Address Translation (NAT) which restrict the type and level of service that end users are availed.

3. Civil society in collaboration with other stakeholders should undertake consumer awareness initiatives on Internet access and usage .

Enhancing Multi-stakeholder Cooperation

1. Build mutual trust and willingness to engage amongst different stakeholders.

Sustainable Development and the Internet Economy

1. Invest in research and development to come up with innovative solutions and services that will drive the African continent forward.

2. Build awareness on e-waste and capacity on strategies to encourage use of renewable resources in ICTs.

General Recommendations

1. African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG):

From 2016, AfriSIG should be held back-to-back with the African Internet Governance Forum


Participants at the fourth Africa IGF express their gratitude to the government and the people of Ethiopia, the Africa Union Commission and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, our sponsors and the volunteers who, each, in their various roles, contributed to a successful Africa Internet Governance Forum

Addis Ababa, Tuesday ,September 8th , 2015.

The Africa Internet Governance Forum

The Rapporteuring Team

Towela Nyirenda Jere

Emilar Vushe

Amessinou Kossi

Antonin Benoit Diouf

Mamadou Ndiaye

Mohamed Timoulali

Barrack Otieno – Coordinator




AfrICANN Newsletter, December Edition

Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 15 décembre 2014



AfrICANN Newsletter, December Edition   dans ACTUALITES 6huXGzW

Dear Readers,

2014 has been long and eventful with key events and announcements globally and regionally that promise to significantly change the Internet Ecosystem. In Africa, we continue to keep you updated of our activities and really hope that you also enjoyed reading our AfriCANN October edition!

The last two months have been full of activities not only in ICANN but also the wider Internet Ecosystem. The Africa team participated jointly and individually in a number of key events across Africa all aimed at deepening our Engagements with all stakeholders. We sponsored and participated in the historic AFRINIC 21 meeting in Ebene Mauritius, the home of AFRINIC, as it prepares to celebrate a decade of existence. We also want to take this opportunity to congratulate and wish the outgoing founding AFRINIC CEO – Mr. Adiel Akplogan the very best in future endeavors. AFRINIC remains a key partner of ICANN in the implementation of the Africa Strategy and we thank Adiel and his staff for their support.

Lastly, and alongside the AFRINIC 21 meeting, the Africa Strategy Review team met and reviewed the current Africa Strategic plan to make it more responsive and aligned to the current ICANN plan of 2016 – 2020. We also took the opportunity to participate at the 2nd Africa School of IG as well as visit some of our stakeholders. Our spotlight section will highlight a key proposal from the community to Enhance Engagement with Africa in 2015 as we prepare for ICANN 55 in Marrakesh. We are also happy to announce the commissioning of yet another L-Root instance in Africa hosted by Mauritius Telecom – Mauritius and would like to sincerely thank you – the African community – for your support in 2014.

Welcome to AfrICANN as we wish you all a merry Xmas and prosperous 2015!
Africa Team

Spotlight: Supporting Enhanced Engagement in Africa – 2015

Early last month, Community concerns that would prevent maximum participation at ICANN 52, a critical one given the ongoing discussions around the IANA Stewardship Transition and ICANN Accountability, prompted ICANN to postpone the meeting in Marrakech, Morocco and to relocate to Singapore on the same dates. In the announcement, the Board confirmed its intent to hold the first ICANN 2016 meeting in Marrakech, Morocco taking into account the vital role of the African region to the success of ICANN’s globalization efforts.

Figure 1: Africa Community in Mauritius

The Africa Community team was subsequently invited to propose possible ways of enhancing engagement in Africa in the run up to the Marrakech meeting now slotted for March 2016. The Africa team (Fig 1 above) composed of representatives from SO / AC leaders, AFTLD, AFRALO, AFICTA, AFRINIC, NEPAD, GAC, African Registrars Association, AU and others met in Mauritius alongside AFRINIC 21 and came up with the following 4 key projects that will further be evaluated and refined for implementation ahead of the Morocco meeting

1) Active participation in African regional and continental ICT ministerial meetings

The objectives of this project will be to increase awareness among African stakeholders, especially high-level (Ministerial and heads of state) governmental decision-makers on:

a) The bottom-up multi-stakeholder Internet Governance model of policy development,
b) The role of ICANN in the IG eco-system,
c) Key issues on the Internet economy such as IANA Stewardship transition.

ICANN staff and board members where possible, will actively participate in African regional and continental ICT (and other key) ministerial (and Heads of State Summit) meetings as well regional meetings organized by Regional Economic Communities (RECs), and the African Union Commission (AUC).

2) ICANN High Level Governmental Meeting (HLGM), Marrakech 2016

This particular meeting, and as a fulfillment of the recommendation of Accountability and Transparency Review (ATRT1 & 2) under the Affirmation of Commitments will have the following key objectives:

a) To promote awareness of importance of multi-stakeholder Internet governance and governments’ positive engagement in multi-stakeholder fora and entities such as ICANN;
b) To support ICANN globalization and outreach to non-participating communities in developing countries and Small Island states; and to the approx. 50 governments that are not members of the GAC (20 of which are from Africa e.g. Saudi Arabia and Zimbabwe)
c) To foster a greater level of meaningful engagement in ICANN by more GAC members
d) To secure commitment by governments to support and contribute to ICANN process on IANA stewardship transition;
e) To steer discussion of the NETmundial roadmap towards existing multi-stakeholder fora, specifically the Internet Governance Forum

3) NewGen Program

In the framework of the ICANN NewGen Program, an event will be organized in the Marrakech meeting gathering around 10 young Africans from all over Africa aimed at bringing the youth to ICANN ecosystem with their fresh knowledge and innovative spirit. The target group will be

  • Mostly from the academic environment (Students, young researchers)
  • From civil society organizations
  • Young entrepreneurs (startup) and other private sector employees. (Partnerships)

ICANN will issue call for expression of interest to be launched 6 months prior to Marrakech meeting through universities, civil society networks, technoparks and incubators in which the applicants will explain their achievements in the field of Internet. An evaluation committee will select the first 10 best achievements while considering Gender Balance / Innovation / Geographic spread.

4) Workshop for Africa Telecom regulators

The team also expressed the need to deepen outreach with Africa’s Telecom regulators with an aim to amongst others:

a) Explore challenges and opportunities in achieving a supportive legal and regulatory enabling environment for African Internet interconnectivity
b) Explore how regulators can contribute to the promotion of domain names industry?
c) How can regulators contribute to Strengthen ccTLD development in Africa?
d) Sensitize African regulators to be more active and visible on the global scene as well in the technical management and Internet Governance in terms of technologies and their uses.

Africa Strategy Review: Ebene Mauritius

In our 10 Nov 2014 blog post, we informed you of the need to review the current Africa Strategy to make it more responsive to Africa’s needs as per feedback from the community.

Figure 2: Africa Strategy Review Team in Session

The Africa Strategy Review team (Fig 2 above) composed of representatives from SO / AC leaders, AFTLD, AFRALO, AFICTA, AFRINIC, NEPAD, GAC, African Registrars Association, AU and others nominated based on their personal experiences was convened in Mauritius on November 24 – 25, 2014 alongside the AFRINIC 21 meeting. The review team came up with a reviewed and realigned document, deemed the ICANN Africa Strategy Ver 2.0 2016 – 2020, to be further on disseminated for additional input from the African community. A final strategy document is planned for the first quarter of 2015.

The strategy review team also identified the need for the establishment of a steering committee that will work closely with the ICANN staff to support and monitor the implementation of the strategic plan. This committee will work independently based on own charter and will also be publicly announced to the community to apply or nominate members.

ICANN Participates in AFRINIC21

On November 22, the ICANN Africa team travelled to Ebene, Mauritius, the home of AFRINIC to participate in the 21st AFRINIC meeting as well as the 2nd Africa School of Internet Governance (AfriSIG 2014) jointly organized by NEPAD and APC. Indeed it was an incredible experience especially with AFRINIC celebrating 10 years of existence while looking ahead to a new era of opportunities even as they bid farewell to the founding CEO – Adiel Akplogan. While day 1 & 2 was dedicated to the Africa strategy review, the rest of the week saw the team organize and participate in various meetings and 2 key panels as well as visit some of the stakeholders including a tour of AFRINIC offices.

a) ICANN Panel

Figure 3: Panelists at the ICANN Session during day 4 of AFRINIC 21

This session was moderated by Dr. Nii Quaynor and discussed the following focus areas for ICANN in Africa and all the slides can be found here.

  • Report on the Africa Strategy Review meeting (Pierre, ICANN)
  • ICANN IDN program and IDN Africa project (Yaovi, ICANN)
  • Update on the New gTLD program (Bob, ICANN)
  • NOMCOM Outreach Presentation (Tijani Ben Jeema, AFRALO)
  • Presentation on AFRALO (Aziz Hilali, AFRALO)

Key questions raised during this session includes, the relevance of the ngTLDs for Africa, the .Africa delegation delays and status, prohibitive prices for African ccTLDs compared to gTLDs as well as low African participation in ICANN tech days. Like other sessions, this meeting was streamed live by AFRINIC and widely covered on twitter #ICANN #AFRINIC21

b) IANA oversight Transition Panel

Figure 4: IANA Stewardship Transition Panel in Session

This second session generated as much debate; discussion and interest just like the first. Panelists included Mouhamet Diop, Seun Ojedeji (CRISP – Africa Region), Paul Rendek, Elise Gerich (ICANN), Dr Nii Quaynor, Andres Piazza and Daniel Karrenberg. Adiel Akplogan while moderating the session started with a brief presentation on the background of IANA functions and the status of the African Region Number Community process (CRISP).

The rich experience and mix of panelists was reflected on the quality of debate that followed. Elise while encouraging and appreciating the collaborative model displayed by the African community in an effort to come up with a proposal to the ICG was keen to point out that the NTIA has never interfered in the operational work of IANA and referred the audience to IANA’s reports. Overall, panelists agreed on the need for more aggressive and sustained awareness efforts by all stakeholders including ICANN to ensure proper understanding of the IANA functions especially governments.

Participants also noted the critical need for the Names and Numbers communities to work closely with the Protocol Parameters community as they developed their responses to the ICG since protocols actually determine how names and numbers are administered and used.

c) 2ND Africa School of Internet Governance (AfriSIG2014)

The ICANN team also took time to visit and participate at the AfriSIG 2014. This event, hosted at a different venue also attracted over 40 participants selected from across the Africa continent. The following themes were under discussion this year;

  • Theoretical concepts and principles: including human rights, history, politics, and law relevant to Internet users and intermediaries
  • Technology and the governance and management of critical Internet resources
  • National and regional policy: including convergence with telecommunications policy and regulation
  • The Internet Governance landscape in Africa

d) Meeting with Mauritius Telecom: a new L-Root Instance Commissioned!

On Nov 28, the team visited Mauritius Telecom, who have just concluded and commissioned an L-Root Instance. The team discussed about ICANN and the MSM model and invited Mauritius Telecom to start participating in ICANN processes. We also received questions on the ngTLD process and procedures as well as discussed the challenges currently facing the .MU ccTLD. Overall, this has been a very successful mission on all fronts for us as ICANN

In focus: Engagement Activities by the Africa Team

Medays summit; Morocco

The VP for Africa was in Morocco on 11-16 November for a series of meetings with local organizers of ICANN 52 on the one hand, and for participating to the Medays summit organized by the Amadeus Institute on the other hand.

While there, Pierre took time to meet and also engage the Moroccan government officials including the ministry of foreign affairs, the ministry of Tourism and the telecoms regulator as well as AFRALO chair Mr. Aziz Hilali.

The Medays summit was a four-day event themed ‘What Order in the chaos’. A high level gathering on issues related to stability of the world. The Meeting gathered more than 600 participants, including 25 former or present ministers, key international peace negotiators, former Prime Ministers. The gathering issued a Tanger declaration on 15 key points intended to recommend avenues/ solutions for the numerous socioeconomic political and security threats.

ICANN participated on the panel on Cybersecurity titled: Cyber threats and cyber wars: What Internet after Snowden? Our key message was about spreading the word about ICANN’s remit. Indeed, while we do not deal with cyber threats or cyber security, we do manage to secure the DNS and we do collaborate/partner with other stakeholders to ensure stability and security of the net.

Outreach Mission to Mauritania November 12-13, 2014

Mauritania is one the countries with low participation in ICANN SO/AC activities. ICANN’s Yaovi Atohoun visited Mauritania on November 12-13, 2014 for various engagement meetings with stakeholders in the country in coordination with M. Mohamed Lemine, the director of ICT at the Ministry of ICT. While there, Yaovi was able to meet with:.

  • Ministry in charge of ICT
  • The Regulatory Body
  • University of Sciences, Technology and Medicine
  • The WARCIP project team
  • Local Telcos


Figure 5: Students of the University after a lecture on ICANN

He also managed to offer a lecture to a group of 60 university students about ICANN. In the end, we he received a full commitment from the Ministry in charge of ICT for the involvement of Mauritania in GAC. The other stakeholders have also expressed their commitment to more participation in ICANN future activities. We’ll keep in touch with them for any additional information and necessary support.

DNNSEC Roadshow in Gaborone, Botswana: December 1-2 2014

DNNSEC Roadshow in Gaborone, Botswana: December 1-2 2014

After Cameroon in July 2014, Bostwana is the second country to host a DNSSEC Roadshow as part of the implementation of the Africa Strategy in this fiscal year 2015. The roadshow was hosted by Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA) and was attended by local Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and the rest of the Internet community, as an effort to have adequate engagement and consensus within the local Internet community about issues relating to Internet security. Please read an article from a local newspaper after the event at

Upcoming Events in Africa

Africa Telecom People 2014
To he held in Abidjan, Cote-d’Ivoire from December 18 – 19. Yaovi Atohoun will represent ICANN in this event. More information here:

From ICANN Global




Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 22 octobre 2014

La 51e réunion internationale de l’ICANN s’est déroulée à Los Angeles aux USA du 12 au 18 octobre 2014. Avec un calendrier bien nourri, plus de 2500 participants venu du monde entier ont eu à échanger sur quatre axes principaux, notamment : l’internationalisation de l’ICANN ; la transition de l’IANA ; la surveillance sur le Net après l’affaire Snowden ; le futur de l’Internet.

ICANN a offert à plusieurs pays à travers le monde la possibilité de participer à distance. La République Démocratique du Congo a qualitativement contribué à la plénière de cette 51e réunion internationale en formulant certaines suggestions sur le processus de la mutation de l’ICANN et la transition de l’IANA. Ces suggestions se sont appesanties sur le cas de l’Afrique dans ce processus. La première question concernait deux préoccupations notamment quelle serait la priorité entre la mutation de l’ICANN vers son internalisation après le désengagement du gouvernement américain et la transition de l’IANA. La communauté technique de la RDC a , dans cet ordre d’idées, proposée que des consultations régionales soient envisagées en impliquant davantage les organisations régionales telles que la CEDEAO, la CEEAC, le COMESA et la SADC sous la supervision de l’UNION AFRICAINE.

Cette option peut optimiser la participation de tous les acteurs sans exclusion suivant l’approche des multiples parties prenantes, communément connu sous le vocable « MULTISTAKEHOLDER ». Cette approche fait déjà son expérience au sein de l’ICANN et du Forum sur la gouvernance de l’Internet. Elle a connu un grand succès lors du NetMundial en Avril 2014 à Sao Paulo au Brésil.

Monsieur Fadi Chehade, Président de l’ICANN, a soutenu la proposition de la communauté technique de la RDC en demandant à Mr Pierre Dandjinou, Vice Président chargé de la stratégie africaine pour l’ICANN, d’explorer les voies et moyens pour définir le cadre de collaboration avec les organisations régionales telles que formulées par la communauté technique de la RDC.

Cette participation à distance s’est déroulée dans la salle de formation du Campus Numérique Francophone de Kinshasa, une représentation locale de l’Agence Universitaire Francophone, en collaboration avec le CEDESURK, pôle technique et documentaire en appui aux universités, et l’UNIVERSITIC, une initiative que mènent conjointement l’ARES-CCD et le VLIR-UOS.

Chaque année, ICANN organise 3 réunions internationale de façon rotative dans les 5 continents

L’Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) est une organisation de droit privé à but non lucratif. Son personnel et ses participants viennent du monde entier.

La participation aux travaux de l’ ICANN est ouverte à tous ceux qui s’intéressent à la politique mondiale Internet eu égard à la mission de coordination technique de l’ICANN. Ce dernier offre de nombreux forums en ligne qui sont accessibles via son site web.




Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 18 octobre 2012



La coordination du Forum Social congolais  confirme la tenue du 6e Forum Social Africain à Kinshasa, capitale de la République Démocratique du Congo, du 17 au 20 janvier 2013, sous le  thème : «L’Afrique des peuples en marche pour un Autre monde de Justice sociale, d’Egalité, de Démocratie et de Paix»

La tenue du 6e Forum Social coïncide avec la commémoration du 42e Anniversaire de l’assassinat  de l’un des Grands Panafricanistes, Patrice Emery LUMUMBA 

 Un appel pathétique de soutien, de cohésion et de mobilisation est relancé  à l’ensemble de la Communauté d’acteurs sociaux et militants  de la justice, de l’égalité et des droits sociaux, politiques, économiques et culturels de la RD Congo, de l’Afrique et du Monde. Tous sont appelés à faire de la 6e Edition du Forum Social Africain, une réelle opportunité pour la promotion de la solidarité entre les peuples et de grande mobilisation africaine contre les politiques antisociales et les diktats de tout genre.

 Pour rappel, le Forum Social Africain, partie intégrante du processus du Forum Social Mondial, est un espace démocratique de convergence des Mouvements Sociaux qui militent contre la domination du monde par la force financière; mais qui luttent pour un monde meilleur de justice et des droits pour tous et où l’être humain est placé au centre de tous les intérêts aussi bien économiques que politiques. Il n’admet point en son sein les mouvements armés ou d’appel à la haine.

 Les organisations non gouvernementales nationales, africaines et internationales, les associations, les mutuelles, les syndicats, les organisations paysannes, les mouvements des femmes et des jeunes, les organisations des Droits humains, les ONG, les Institutions nationales et africaines d’appui à la Démocratie et à l’intégration régionale , sont toutes invitées à accompagner le la 6e Edition du Forum social Africain et à développer diverses activités dont des Conférences-débats, des stands d’expositions et d’information, des activités culturelles, des signatures des pétitions, la vente des produits diverses, des sensibilisations, etc.  

 La Coordination du FSC, lance un vibrant appel à  tous les amis du FSC et ONG et Fondations internationales d’appui  pour un soutien financier et matériel au Comité Local  d’organisation du 6e Forum Social Africain en vue de renforcer la préparation méthodologique et logistique pour une participation massive des Mouvements sociaux de l’ensemble du pays et de toutes les régions de l’Afrique. Elle salue tout le soutien annoncé de ses partenaires traditionnels.

Le Comité Local d’organisation assure la Logistique et les aspects pédagogiques du Forum mais ne prend pas en charge  financièrment en charge les participants. Les délégués des organisations et mouvements de tous les milieux sont encouragées à mobiliser différents partenaires et institutions susceptibles de soutenir leur participation.

Le Comité Local d’organisation se chargera d’envoyer les invitations et de faciliter les visas à ceux qui en font une demande.

 Une rencontre d’échange sur l’organisation matérielledu 6e Forum social Africain est prévue le vendredi 19 octobre 2012, à 13 heures au PRODDES.

 Le programme indicatif du 6e Forum Social Africain sera communiqué incessamment !

Pour tout contact ou facilités:,, +243818451405; +243990299007

Une autre Afrique plus juste est possible,

Construisons-la ensemble, construisons-la solidairement!

Fait à Kinshasa, le 16 octobre 2012

Pour le Comité Local d’organisation,

        Martin LOFETE NKAKE                                                                                    Danny SINGOMA

       Coordonnateur  du FSC                                                                                     Secrétaire Permanent

      V/Prés. de la Confédération Réseau                                                                 PRODDES

      Syndicale du CongoFSC

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Une invention qui pourrait bouleverser le monde de la téléphonie

Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 30 décembre 2010

Victor Kossikouma Agbégnénou veut mettre sa trouvaille au service de l’Afrique

Une technologie qui permet de distribuer les services de téléphonie, Internet et images, sans recourir au moindre câblage. C’est l’étonnante invention d’un Toglais de la diaspora africaine en France, Victor Kossikouma Agbégnénou. Son pari : le téléphone pour tous, accessible partout, et parfois gratuit en appel local.

Une invention a vu le jour, grâce à un africain, et promet des lendemains meilleurs pour le continent noir. Il s’agit d’ un système de communication polyvalent sans fil, le PWCS ( Polyvalent Wireless Communication Systems). Une technologie étonnante qui permet, à partir d’une connection haut débit satellitaire, de distribuer les trois services de téléphonie, internet et images, sans recourir au moindre câblage. Le pari de l’inventeur : le téléphone pour toutes les bourses, accessible partout, et parfois gratuit en appel local. Ce sera le téléphone des peuples, peut-être du siècle. Une création 100% africaine qui va désenclaver les zones reculées et rétrécir la disparité numérique entre riches et pauvres. Même certaines villes et campagnes dans les pays développés en ont bien besoin.

L’Afrique d’abord

Cette invention est une oeuvre du laboratoire Ka-Technologies, grâce à l’ingéniosité et à dix années de recherche de son directeur, un Togolais de la Diaspora africaine en France,Victor Kossikouma Agbégnénou. Ce génie africain est sur le point de bousculer les idées reçues, l’ordre mondial de la technologie. A son sujet, le rédacteur en chef d’un magazine français d’informatique souligne avec enthousiasme qu’habituellement, c’est le Nord qui produit et le Sud consomme. Le PWCS vient transformer cette voie à sens unique et, lorsqu’il sera opérationnel, sera un moyen de construire plus de ponts que de murs entre les peuples.

Rien ne prédisposait ce Togolais, la quarantaine, à devenir le père du système de télécommunication le plus ambitieux de ce début du 21ème siècle. Il est Vétérinaire de formation, diplômé de l’Académie de Moscou et de l’Ecole supérieure de Maisons-Alfort en France. Ce docteur des animaux, déjà dépositaire de quatre brevets d’invention dans le domaine médical, a de quoi être fier de sa nouvelle trouvaille en télécom, le “PWCS.” Il montre à la face du monde que la thèse répandue selon laquelle des tares pèsent sur les épaules des noirs, les empêchant d’inventer, de retrouver leur situation antique des civilisateurs de l’humanité, est un mensonge sacré, un apât de type raciste.

Un pari difficile …

Le génie secourable, Docteur Kossikouma Agbégnénou, s’est vu proposer par des américains et suisses, le rachat de son brevet contre des millions de dollars. Mais il leur oppose un refus, son souci premier étant de privilégier le continent. “Ils sont venus me voir dans mon labo situé au sous-sol d’un immeuble sur l’avenue des Champs Elysées à Paris. Après de longues heures de discussions tendues, confie t-il, je leur ai dit que même si je dois vendre la license, ce sera assorti d’une condition indiscutable, celle qu’ils acceptent d’exploiter le produit partout ailleurs dans le monde, à l’exception de l’Afrique, me laissant ainsi le droit de traiter en personne avec le continent noir”. Mais face à l’intransigeance de ses visiteurs qui tenaient à retourner à tout prix à New York avec le brevet, l’inventeur a mis fin au deal : “Vous savez, je suis déjà dans une cave, je ne peux pas descendre plus bas”. Affaire close.

Ce rejet, inhabituel, n’est pas le plus facile des gestes à accomplir. “L’Afrique d’abord, Kossikuma après”, tel est le leitmotiv de cet homme dont le sens de l’intérêt général est sans commune mesure avec les habitudes courantes. Son pays d’origine, le Togo, est souvent cité comme un cas de corruption. Beaucoup d’autres sur le continent souffrent atrocement du même fléau. La terre qui l’a adopté, la France, n’est pas des plus vertueuses non plus. D’où alors Dr Agbégnénou tient-il cette intégrité morale et son détachement par rapport à l’argent ?

… Mais pas impossible

Le produit est prêt pour passer à sa phase industrielle. Mais l’Afrique qui a toujours plus d’un tour dans son sac semble lui réserver un sort pour le moins cocasse. Après plusieurs va-et-vient sur le continent, l’inventeur fait l’amère constat que les autorités africaines sont paradoxalement réticentes à ouvrir les espaces nationaux et à accorder les autorisations officielles nécessaires.

Docteur Victor Agbégnénou, loin de baisser les bras, continue de se battre bec et ongles pour forcer la main aux décideurs, afin que soit rendu opérationnelle sa technologie de pointe qui, selon les experts, a 30 (trente) ans d’avance sur les occidentaux. Dans cette histoire, on peut dire que Mère-Afrique, une fois encore, voit certains de ses propres enfants combattre ses intérêts supérieurs, au profit de riches commerçants étrangers.

Au nom de la fierté africaine

C’est peut-être le lieu d’en appeler à une forte mobilisation de tout ce que regorge encore le continent comme hommes de valeurs, des personnalités dont l’opinion compte ( Kofi Annan, Joaquim Alberto Chissano, Alpha Oumar Konare,Olusegun Obasanjo), le conseil des sages de l’UA, la Fondation Mo Ibrahim, les élites africaines de la diaspora afin qu’ils accompagnent la promotion de ce produit stratégique auprès des décideurs politiques du continent. Le “PWCS” fait certainement partie des symboles palpables de la renaissance africaine et de l’indépendance dont il est abondamment fait mention ces derniers temps.C’est aussi un apport non négligeable au combat contre la fracture numérique dont le beau continent est la plus grande victime.

Washington DC USA


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Call for Africans to Invest in IT

Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 15 décembre 2010

Sebastian Mrindoko,13 December 2010

INTER-CONNECTIVITY of computerized customs systems has been cited as major challenge to most African countries in a bid to provide efficient and effective clearance services, it was revealed on Monday.

« Much has been done in the area of computerization, but a new challenge rests that of interconnectivity, » said Mr Jean Francois, the Head of Customs Cooperation Division of the African Union Commission (AUC) in the first African Union Customs Technical workshop held in Dar es Salaam.

He said for a successful economic integration, it is imperative that goods, particularly African goods be able to circulate free of impediments and administrative hassles. This can only be facilitated by adoption of effective and efficient Information Communication Technology (ICT).

Mr Francois said the ICT is a significant tool for implementing, supporting and boosting trade facilitation policies. The Deputy Commissioner of the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA), Mr Placidus Luoga said that some African countries are yet to adopt computerized customs systems and those which are computerized use different systems.

« The diversity of customs clearance software in the African continent poses difficulties for both regional and continental integration processes because it limits the ability of administrations to exchange information and data, » he said.

However, he said the interconnected customs systems provide electronic data exchange that will streamline the clearance of goods by providing advance notification and thus avoid duplication of data capturing at border stations.

It will also help decrease transit frauds. Mr Luoga said benefits from computerized customs environment are better realized only if there is an electronically connected trade community and where customs administrations of different countries are interconnected.

He said the effort to exchange information, the use of Revenue Authorities Digital Data Exchange (RADDEX) has been introduced between Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Malawi.

Customs administration in most African countries are key players in revenue collections and according to Mr Luoga, the TRA customs duties contributed about 43 per cent of the total revenue collection in the financial year 2009/10 and there are expectations for same contribution in this fiscal year.

During the workshop, a call was made to endorse a strategy to secure the movement of global trade in a way that does not hamper but facilitates trade movements.




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Technology Innovation Can Develop Africa

Posté par BAUDOUIN SCHOMBE le 15 décembre 2010

Mark Muhumuza,13 December 2010

Naivasha, Kenya. With the highest rates of mobile technology growth being recorded in Africa, experts attending the Open Innovation Africa Summit (OIAS) in Naivasha, Kenya recently said that there is still need for innovation in developing local content for Africa to have social economic development.

Delegates at the first OIAS included delegates from public policy specialists, researchers, entrepreneurs, ICT experts and financiers who are vital in creating various demand-driven innovations that would improve the standard of living on the African continent.

These delegates from the government, private sector and financiers are vital in creating the working environment for the development of ICT content that is relevant for the content.

The Vice President, Business Environment Nokia, Mr Erkki Ormala, said that innovation entrepreneurship in Africa can only exist if it emphasises monitoring, evaluation and learning. He noted that innovation can come through policy changes by the various governments especially in areas such as education.

« Governments need to create an environment to foster innovation, ensuring continuity and predictability at the public institution level for continued knowledge development, » Ormala adds.

The change in education policies to harness the development of innovations in technology was echoed among various delegates at the summit. Delegates noted that the rigid education systems and lack of a feedback loop between schools and innovation enterprises were shown to be as some of the major education challenges facing the continent.

The delegates also said that the purely exam based-assessments were ineffective and outdated, while the limited number of schools, learning facilities such as laboratories and libraries, and the low teacher-pupil ratios were further barriers to effectiveness in the sector.

On the African continent and more significantly in the East African region economic growth levels are in double digits unlike the developed countries. This GDP growth has also been visible in the rate of technology penetration and other investments.

The submarine fibre optic cables linking Africa to the rest of the world is also now in operation and with the likelihood of more bandwidth availability, there has already been reductions in the prices of the internet which information more accessible to many more people.

« This is the opportunity for young people to be innovative and creative in being technology entrepreneurs, » says Purnima Kochikar, the vice president of Forum Nokia and Developer Communities.




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